3. But almost every time I see a direct address in my e-mail in-box, it has no comma before the name. Answer: Yes, you need to use a comma between the person’s name and the greeting. [I]n formal writing, direct address takes a comma before the person’s name. The same rules apply for titles. Hi June, It does, however, have a comma after the name. Danny, thank you for your thoughtful message. One could argue, however, that e-mails aren’t formal, and that there’s little harm in streamlining for the sake of efficiency. Rule: When a speaker in a sentence names the person to whom he is speaking, this addressing of his audience is called direct address. I hope you know, Donelle, that we appreciate your hard work. We use commas while combining multiple phrases in one sentence or writing about different items in a list. In all the examples of direct address above, we’ve put the name of the person being addressed at the end of the sentence, like in the following: Here is the cake you ordered , Simon. Also use a comma after a city-state combination within a sentence. Here are some clues to help you decide whether the sentence element is essential: I think, John, you’re wrong. The name is therefore essential, meaning that no commas should be used. Goodbye, Norma Jean. If the name is not the last word in the sentence then a comma should follow it also. Again, no sense = no commas. We use commas to show that we are talking to the reader, not about the reader.. Hello, Rene. (But see exceptions below.) Direct address is indicated by the use of a comma or commas, depending upon its placement within the sentence. As a result, the reference to Cassini in the following sentence no longer makes sense. In English, when you address someone (or something) directly, the name you use is offset with a comma (if it's at the start or end of the sentence) or two commas (if it's in the middle ). The sentence still works grammatically, but we do not know which spacecraft the sentence is referring to. Use a pair of commas in the middle of a sentence to set off clauses, phrases, and words that are not essential to the meaning of the sentence. USE A COMMA TO INDICATE DIRECT ADDRESS. Example: I’m going to the beach today, Mom. There are more usages of a comma, for example, how adding or removing comma before and after a name changes the meaning of the sentence — In this Grammar.com article let us understand how to correctly use commas with names. Use one comma before to indicate the beginning of the pause and one at the end to indicate the end of the pause. Nicole Fornabaio/rd.com, shutterstock . 6. Dude, that’s awesome. Use a comma for direct address. In the examples below, the words in the vocative case are shaded: Define vocative comma: the definition of the vocative comma is the comma used in the vocative case when addressing someone or something. To sum up, the vocative comma: addresses individuals directly; is used to offset the addressee; may offset the addressee at the beginning, middle, or end of a sentence Use a comma to separate each element in an address. 2. 1. But direct address can occur anywhere in a sentence. Congratulations, Michael! The reason is "direct address." Now be very, very careful. When you address someone directly, their name is said to be in the vocative case. If they're at the end or beginning of a sentence, of course, the period at the end of the sentence precludes the need for a second comma. Always use a comma before directly addressing someone or something in a sentence. No longer makes sense always use a comma or commas, depending its... 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