This creates a thin, detectable area called the epiphyseal line. Long bones consist of a diaphysis, metaphysis and epiphysis. 65. •. What is the function of a ligament? Which of these processes during bone repair requires the longest period of time? What is interstitial growth in cartilage? : The epiphyseal line the part of the bone that replaces the epiphyseal growth plate in long bones once a person has reached their full adult height. Cartilage is a connective tissue that provides flexible support attaching the bones of the skeleton. Called also linea . 49. ankle bones. What is the function of parathormone? 19. What is the difference between an epiphyseal plate and an epiphyseal line? An epiphyseal line is visible on a standard x-ray. 2. dental plate ; sometimes, by extension, incorrectly used to designate a complete denture. The reserve zone is the region closest to the epiphyseal end of the plate and contains small chondrocytes within the matrix. Functions 10. In simple words, its function is to uniformly distribute pressure across the joints to assist in easier mobility. This phenomenon of substitution is called epiphyseal closure. Line positions in a company are those that have the responsibility and authority for achieving the major goals of the corporation. The structure of bone tissue suits the function. In children and young adults, the epiphyses are separated from the diaphysis by epiphyseal cartilage or plates, where bone grows in length. epiphyseal line: [ līn ] 1. a stripe , streak , or narrow ridge ; sometimes only an imaginary connector between two anatomic landmarks. stress lines change if a person gains weight or has a bone injury, The Haversian (central) canal? True: The most abundant mineral in the human body is calcium. EDITOR’S NOTE: you should add an xray of a epiphyseal plate vs line Each metaphysis … The thigh bone (femur) is a long bone. Epiphyseal Plate: In order to understand the epiphyseal line, you must first understand the epiphyseal plate. which cell type is most likely to have created the medullary cavity in a long bone? 16. compare and contrast interstitial growth versus appositional growth of cartilage, compare and contrast the effects of growth hormone and glucocorticoids on bone growth, growth hormone- increases the growth of cartilage at the epiphyseal plate, describe the general function of both osteoblast and osteoclast activity, Osteoblast- produce an extracellular matrix (osteoid) within which they become entrapped. epiphyseal disk synonyms, epiphyseal disk pronunciation, epiphyseal disk translation, English dictionary definition of epiphyseal disk. Epiphyseal cartilage is a type of cartilage found at each end of a long bone related to bone elongation, or growth. Fig. Analogous features. Blood supply decreases from the reserve zone to the zone of degeneration. A fracture in the shaft of a bone is a break in the. This injury, classified as a Type V epiphyseal fracture, is associated with a poor prognosis, most typically resulting in premature stunting of growth. What substance make up the inorganic portion of bone? Bones store minerals (calcium, phosphorus, magnesium) and additional nutrients. Endosteum lines the internal cavities of a bone. (b) Epiphyseal lines are the remnants of epiphyseal plates in a mature bone. Start studying ch 6 hw. The Medullary cavity is the cavity inside the diaphysis that contains yellow marrow. The Epiphyseal plate contains cartilage used for producing bone. Key Difference – Epiphysis vs Diaphysis. oldest is in the center, youngest is on the outside. 1. 7/9 180 degrees. epiphyseal line: [ līn ] 1. a stripe , streak , or narrow ridge ; sometimes only an imaginary connector between two anatomic landmarks. Sharpey's fibers attach the periosteum to the bone as well as serving as attachments for ligaments and tendons. During what week of embryonic development does ossification begin? The epiphyseal line is a line at the end of long bones that are found in adults. Ligaments hold bones together. The structure indicated is the epiphyseal line. These chondrocytes do not participate in bone growth but secure the epiphyseal plate to the osseous tissue of the epiphysis. Other articles where Epiphyseal plate is discussed: cartilage: …plate of cartilage, called the epiphyseal plate, persists at the ends of growing bones, finally becoming ossified itself only when the bone behind it has completed its growth. What substance makes up the organic portion of bone? What are fontanelles? To accomplish this, the bones in the human body contain epiphyseal plates. It contains nerves and blood vessels. Synonym(s): linea epiphysialis [TA] . bone development proceeds toward the epiphyses. remodeling of woven bone into compact bone, where the plasma membrane of osteoclasts contacts bone matrix; forms projections. responsible for growth spurt and closing of epiphyseal plate, resting cartilage, the proliferation zone, hypertrophy zone, calcification zone. What bones are formed during intramembranous ossification? b. Canaliculi allow for nutrient and waste exchange among the osteocytes. A process of rapid evolution and divergence of species from a…. al , epiphyseal ( ep'i-fiz'ē-ăl ), Avoid the mispronunciation epiphyse'al . When do they close? Cartilage synthesis provides for growth in length; eventually the … Figure 6.4.4 – Progression from Epiphyseal Plate to Epiphyseal Line: As a bone matures, the epiphyseal plate progresses to an epiphyseal line. The diaphysis is the main long section of the bone, the epiphysis is the rounded end of the long bone, and the metaphysis is the section of bone … The epiphyseal plate is an area at the long end of the bone that contains growing bone. Location of the epiphyseal line. What is the difference between a bone diaphysis and a bone epiphysis? -when woven bone is converted into lamellar bone. What is the first event in intramembranous ossification? What are the 5 major events of endochondral ossification? Additionally, calcitriol, the active form of vitamin D, is produced by the kidneys and stimulates the absorption of calcium and phosphate from the digestive tract. Long bones include the femur, the humerus, the tibia and several other bones. For what reason is a bone placed in a cast? How long does this growth persist? A thin, flat, circular object or plate. How does ossification proceed from the primary ossification center? The epiphyseal line is bone formed inside the epiphyseal plate when bone is fully grown. 7/8 They have the same flavor. Diagrams. A. the matrix of hyaline cartilage contains calcium. 3. a flat vessel, usually a petri dish , containing sterile solid medium for the culture of microorganisms. As people develop, the bone grows longer as a result of activity inside this area. Supports the body both inside and outside. Epiphyseal Line Between the diaphysis and each epiphysis of an adult long bone. ... • The Epiphyseal line is formed after the epiphyseal plate has stopped producing bone). The regions amongst the diaphysis as well as the epiphyses are the metaphyses. a. calcitonin is secreted by the thyroid gland. 3. a. Epiphyseal disk - definition of epiphyseal disk by The Free Dictionary. true ... u-shaped bone in the neck, suspended under the mandible, functions as a base for the tongue and as an attachment for several muscles associated with swallowing ... Quizlet Live. The success of remodeling depends on the availability of what mineral? Honor Code. The line of junction of the epiphysis and diaphysis of a long bone where growth in length occurs. 2. tubing on a catheter. The epiphysis is the short section of bone located at the rounded end of the long bone before the metaphysis and diaphysis. 50. Where is the medullary cavity and what is contained in it? which long bone structure is correctly matched with its description or function? (a) Epiphyseal plates are visible in a growing bone. Flashcards. The epiphyseal plate is located in the metaphysis, which grows during childhood. Simply complete the form below, click submit, you will get the price list and a HaoMei representative will contact you within one business day. The medullary cavity has a delicate membranous lining called the endosteum ( end – = “inside”; oste – = “bone”), where bone growth, repair, and remodeling occur. 2. 40. Medical definition of epiphyseal line: the line marking the site of an epiphyseal plate that has has stopped growing and become ossified. B. the cartilage of each epiphyseal plate is replaced by bone and is called the periosteum. Ligaments hold bones together. It is located between the epiphysis at the end of the bone and the diaphysis of another bone. ... the endochondral bone lengthen by growth of epiphyseal plate, but that plate begins to diminish and thus stops lengthening of the bone during adulthood: Term. Estrogen and testosterone release at puberty initiates closure of the epiphyseal plates. also disc n. 1. It goes into the bone as osteoblasts to build new bone, it moves out of the bone as osteoclasts to break down bone. The epiphyseal plate is the area of the long bone that contains the growth plate. Which of the following statements accurately describes epiphyseal plate/ line? The Periosteum is the covering of a bone. thin covering over the main body of the cartilage. all of the following accurately describe hyaline cartilage except? https://quizlet.com/329267731/chapter-7-and-9-ap-flash-cards 38. Line Positions. What different hormones are needed for effective bone growth? 39. The porous nature of the enlarged section lightens the weight of the bone. 28. thin plates of periosteum covered compact bone on the outside with endosteum covered spongy bone on the inside. A direct quantitative method of determining the age of a rock…. What minerals are needed for effective bone growth? 53. ses 1. The epiphyseal plate is important because it is the site of bone growth. Once a child is born, his bones must grow longer and wider for him to grow bigger and taller. It's a loss of bone mass due to the lack of calcium or the means to replace that calcium into the bone. (Function), layers of bone that form around the haversian canal giving the bone strength, depositing calcium salts in bone tissue to make the bones strong. in the zone of ossification of the epiphyseal plane ... Quizlet Live. Under what conditions would the trabeculae change orientation? What is the last event of endochondral ossification? Called also linea . 47. Chapter 38: Structure and Function of the Musculoskeletal System Huether & McCance: Understanding Pathophysiology, 6th Edition MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. A - osteoblast and osteoclast activity, D - calcium transfer, C - collagen formation. Definition. 43. The epiphyseal line replaces the epiphyseal plate that children and... See full answer below. 6. The epiphyseal plate is a plate of hyaline cartilage found in children and adolescents, located in the metaphysis at the ends of each long bone. See more. epiphyseal line is. See more. What is appositional growth in cartilage? c. periosteum; responsible for growth in bone width. In young children, long bones elongate when new cartilage, produced in the epiphyseal plate, is pushed to the edge of the growth site. Which of these statements concerning cartilage is correct? What three stressors may cause bone remodeling? 20. absorption l's dark lines in the spectrum due to absorption of light by the substance through which the light has passed. 70. The epiphyseal line is a remnant of an area that contained hyaline cartilage that grew during childhood to lengthen the bone. False: The shaft of the long bone is called the diaphysis. osteoblasts forming bone within a membrane, starts in the middle of the membrane and bone forms outward from there. When problems occur with the epiphyseal closure of a bone or bones, changes in the body’s structure or height can be evident. Quizlet Learn. At the growing edge of the plate, chondrocytes continue to grow and divide, while on the trailing edge they are replaced by… When bone growth (lengthening) stops. increase osteoclast activity and increases the break-down of bone so more calcium is carried in the blood. The plate is only found in children and adolescents; in adults, who have stopped growing, the plate is replaced by an epiphyseal line. The cartilage inside the epiphyseal plate is substituted through bone around the ages of 18-21 when a bone ceases to grow lengthwise. Epiphyseal plates are located in the epiphysis of long bones. 68. What blood cells are produced by red bone marrow? Help. Alignment is critical to maintain function. The epiphyseal line is the marking that indicates where the two parts of the bone meet and where the epiphyseal plate was once located in children and young adults. epiphyseal disk: A disk of cartilage at the junction of the diaphysis and epiphyses of growing long bones. Support (structural framework for body, supports soft tissues, provides attachment for tendons of most skeletal muscles), protection, assistance in movement, mineral homeostasis, blood cell production, and triglyceride storage as one ages. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. This change of shape expands the epiphyseal plate toward the end of the bone, thereby lengthening the bone. ... example of short bones. n. The line of junction of the epiphysis and diaphysis of a long bone where growth in length occurs. Osteocyte? Adaptive radiation. In bone reabsorption, what is the function of osteoclasts? An epiphyseal line is visible on a standard x-ray. • Metaphyseal Artery: Supplies the secondary and primary spongiosa with a rich blood supply. Where is the periosteum and what does it contain? What role does estrogen play in female growth in height? The Epiphyseal Plate: Epiphyseal plates are located in the epiphysis of long bones. The presence of an epiphyseal plates indicates that the bone is still growing. 66. What is intramembranous ossification? How are vitamins A, C, and D needed for bone growth? becomes continuous with collagen fibers of tendons or ligaments. sex hormones and the thyroid and parthyroid hormones and growth hormone. At this time the plate transforms into the epiphyseal line, the only remnant of the growth process. remnant of the structure from which long bones grow in length. They also promote the conversion of the epiphyseal plate to the epiphyseal line (i.e., cartilage to its bony remnant), thus bringing an end to the longitudinal growth of bones. long bones are. The structure indicated is the epiphyseal line. B.primarily collagen fibers. destroy bone: Term. The resulting daughter cells line up into columns of flattened cells, much like a stack of pancakes. Osteoclast? Flashcards. 32. It looks like a thin dark streak that stretches horizontally across the rounded ends of the bone. Fractures that pass through the epiphyseal plate may require surgical placement of pins and plates. absorption l's dark lines in the spectrum due to absorption of light by the substance through which the light has passed. 12. 51. Long bones are mainly composed of the compact bone and spongy bone.The compact bone is the dense and hard part of the long bone. What is the function of a ligament? 67. inhibits osteoclast activity, letting more calcium be taken into the bones, thus lowering the level of calcium in the blood. Something resembling such an object: The moon's disk was reflected in the pond. Mobile. Osteomalacia occurs as a result of a deficiency of. Made from a matrix of elastic protein fibers in a gelatinous protein base called chondroitin, this tissue lacks blood vessels and regenerative abilities. 64. What property is given to bone by lamellae? The end of a long bone that is originally separated from the main bone by a layer of cartilage but later becomes united to the main... Epiphyseal - definition of epiphyseal by The Free Dictionary. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. which statement is correct about an osteon? adj., adj lin´ear. These portions of the bones are where new cells, known as chondrocytes, congregate and … True What is a consequence of a bone growing in width? 48. 7/7 Soumen. Supports the body both inside and outside. How do they form? All of the following are functions of cartilage except? What occurs if calcium in the blood is high? Blood cells (RBC, WBC, and Platelets) are produced in red bone marrow. 29. What occurs when a bone is remodeled? Epiphyseal Line. These plates permit growth after birth, allowing the long bones of the body to extend and a person to grow as he or she reaches maturity. 7/11 Luciferin. What kind of growth occurs from the epiphyseal plate? Blood supply decreases from the reserve zone to the zone of degeneration. Biology Vocab chapter 10 Flashcards | Quizlet Biology Chapter 10. This portion of the bone is also known as the growth plate. The outer surface of bone, except in regions covered with articular cartilage, is covered with a … True: The presence of an epiphyseal line indicates that long bone growth is still in process. Where is the primary ossification center in endochondral ossification? A. the cartilage of each epiphyseal plate is replaced by bone and is called the epiphyseal line. Osteocytes are located in _____ and function to _____ lacunae; maintain and monitor the bone ECM. Quizlet Learn. 5. Other articles where Epiphyseal plate is discussed: cartilage: …plate of cartilage, called the epiphyseal plate, persists at the ends of growing bones, finally becoming ossified itself only when the bone behind it has completed its growth. longer than they are wide. Diagrams. What is the function of an osteoblast? How does the skeleton support the body? removing old bone material and adding new bone material. The Diaphysis is the middle section of a bone. Some bones in the fingers are classified as long bones, even though they are short in length. Metaphyseal and epiphyseal fractures (commonly referred to as corner fractures), skull fractures crossing suture lines, fractures to the axial skeleton (including posterior rib fractures), and fractures in multiple locations should immediately alert the consult to the possibility of abuse. The epiphyseal plate is composed of four zones of cells and activity (Figure 6.18). When bone growth is complete, the epiphyseal cartilage is replaced with bone, which joins it to the diaphysis. Urgent orthopedic Consultation; Consider reduction; ORIF is often necessary (if instability or >2mm articular surface displacement) Salter IV. membrane covered spaces between skull bones, they form because the bone develops from the center outward, they close by age 2. Epiphyseal Artery: Supplies the reserve zone, the proliferative zone, and the two upper zones of the hypertrophic zone. 73. Epiphysis definition, a part or process of a bone separated from the main body of the bone by a layer of cartilage and subsequently uniting with the bone through further ossification. The medullary cavity has a delicate membranous lining called the endosteum. 21. channels lying at right angles to the central canal, connecting blood and nerve supply. Epiphyseal Artery: Supplies the reserve zone, the proliferative zone, and the two upper zones of the hypertrophic zone. Definition. What are osteochondral progenitor cells? The plate is only found in children and adolescents; in adults, who have stopped growing, the plate is replaced by an epiphyseal line.This replacement is known as epiphyseal closure or growth plate fusion.Complete fusion happens on average between ages 12–18 for girls (with the most common being 15-16 years for girls) and 14–19 for boys (with the most common being 18-19 years for boys). Which of the following bone tissues is adapted to support weight and withstand tension stress? Line and staff functions have built-in inherent conflicts that management has to reconcile to have a smooth-running organization. adj., adj lin´ear. the bones of the cranium, the roof of the skull, part of the manible, and the clavical. Define epiphyseal disk. 103-1. At the growing edge of the plate, chondrocytes continue to grow and divide, while on the trailing edge they are replaced by… Accounts for 12% of Fractures; Intraarticular Fracture extending completely through Growth Plate and out of metaphysis. 11. strong connective tissue that supports the body and is softer and more flexible than bone, rigid connective tissue that makes up the skeleton of vertebrates, small cavities in bone that contain osteocytes. 26. The structure of a long bone is an important anatomical aspect in the study of bone physiology.Long bones are the most common bones found in the mammalian body. Osteochondral Progenitor cells are stem cells that can be used to form more bone cells if needed. 7. By the time bones reach their full length in adulthood, the epiphyseal plate has become completely calcified. What is the purpose of proteoglycans in cartilage? 103-1. 74. Features in different organisms that have the same function bu…. epiphyseal plate: [ plāt ] 1. a flat stratum or layer . Sign up. 15. What is the relationship of the location of the epiphyseal plate and the primary and secondary ossification centers? The epiphyseal line is a line at the end of long bones that are found in adults. a. cartilage serves as a site for hemopoiesis. Start studying Epiphyseal Line. * band of hyaline cartilage from which long bones grow in length *found near junction of the epiphysis and diaphysis *calcifies to become epiphyseal line when longitudinal bone growth ceases Community Guidelines. The hormone calcitonin functions to decrease the calcium ion in the blood. : The epiphyseal line the part of the bone that replaces the epiphyseal growth plate in long bones once a person has reached their full adult height. 75. flat bone of skull, facial bones, the mandible, and clavicle. Epiphysis definition, a part or process of a bone separated from the main body of the bone by a layer of cartilage and subsequently uniting with the bone through further ossification. ... Quizlet Live. Fig. Know examples of long bones, short bones, flat bones, and irregular bones. : The epiphyseal line the part of the bone that replaces the epiphyseal growth plate in long bones once a person has reached their full adult height. When the bone stops growing in early adulthood (approximately 18–21 years), the cartilage is replaced by osseous tissue and the epiphyseal plate becomes an epiphyseal line. Typically, these goals are targets for revenues and profits. The epiphyseal plate is a plate of hyaline cartilage found in children and adolescents, located in the metaphysis at the ends of each long bone. Help Center. The maxillary bones form the upper jaw. Which bone is formed from intramembranous bone growth? to elevate blood calcium levels, all of these must occur except? Which component of the bone matrix gives bone its tensile strength? 13. Absolute dating. 7/4 Someone pretentious said so. These cells hypertrophy, changing the shape of the flattened cells to an almost cuboidal configuration. 2. tubing on a catheter. weight and activity changes as well as disease/injury processes, bone is torn down by osteoclasts and rebuilt by osteoblasts. During what two conditions would woven bone be formed? This replacement is known as epiphyseal closure or growth plate fusion. Medical definition of epiphyseal plate: the chiefly hyaline cartilage that unites an epiphysis with the shaft of a long bone and is the site where the bone grows in length : growth plate —called also epiphyseal … Metaphyseal Artery: Supplies the secondary and primary spongiosa with a rich blood supply. Compression fractures of the epiphyseal plate are rare and generally involve crushing of the end of the bone and the growth plate. childhood disease caused by deficiency of vitamin D and sunlight associated with impaired metabolism of calcium and phosphorus, a vitamin found in fresh fruits (especially citrus fruits) and vegetables, a condition caused by deficiency of ascorbic acid (vitamin C), dense, hard layers of bone tissue that lie underneath the periosteum, contains little spaces like a sponge and is encased in the layers of compact bone, microscopic, structural unit of compact bone also called the osteon, support, protection, movement, storage, blood cell formation, epiphyses and diaphysis, compact and spongy bone, marrow cavity, articular cartilage, periosteum and endosteum. 14. Why is hyaline cartilage called articular cartilage? it is a layer of cartilage between the two. compact bone on the surface of the cartilage model. two secondary ossification centers form in the epiphyses. high output side type good quality asphalt plant paddle tips . false _____ 6. bone length occurs, through the teen years for most individuals. The epiphyseal plate, a layer of hyaline cartilage, is replaced by osseous tissue as the organ grows in length. functions of the skeletal system (6) Definition. Where does the secondary ossification center begin? Angiosperm. Long bones consist of a diaphysis, metaphysis and epiphysis. Long bones grow in length at the epiphyseal line. The epiphyseal line is the marking that indicates where the two parts of the bone meet and where the epiphyseal plate was once located in children and young adults. Where is the oldest bone and the youngest bone in a bone fragment? The epiphyseal plate is an area at the long end of the bone which contains growing bone. Types of growth plate injury (I to V) as classified by Salter and Harris. Long bones contain yellow bone marrow and red bone marrow, which produce blood cells. When does an osteoblast become an osteocyte? What are the specialized cells found in cartilage? Cartilage often occurs in thin plates or sheets. Mobile. the support structures of cancellous bone. Consist of a deficiency of of elastic protein fibers in a gelatinous protein called! Proliferation zone, and Platelets ) are produced in red bone marrow, which produce blood cells stem. The function of the skeletal system ( 6 ) definition petri dish, sterile! Ligaments and tendons enlarged section lightens the weight of the following bone tissues is adapted to weight. Has a delicate membranous lining called the endosteum requires the longest period time. 1. a flat vessel, usually a petri dish, containing sterile solid medium for the culture microorganisms! Bones that are found in adults of the epiphysis at the end of long bones that found... More bone cells if needed osteoblasts forming bone within a membrane, starts in the center outward, close... This time the plate and contains small chondrocytes within the matrix increase osteoclast activity, letting more be... B ) epiphyseal plates are visible in a gelatinous protein base called chondroitin this. Repair requires the longest period of time a diaphysis, metaphysis and epiphysis stopped producing bone WBC and... The Haversian ( central ) canal formed inside the epiphyseal plane... Quizlet Live full answer below ORIF is necessary... Him to grow bigger and taller a delicate membranous lining called the periosteum and what does it?! Cells, much like a thin dark streak that stretches horizontally across the end. In the epiphysis and diaphysis bone as osteoblasts to build new bone, thereby lengthening the bone which growing... Are needed for effective bone growth become completely calcified bones that are found in.... Quantitative method of determining the age of a bone fragment as people develop, the Haversian ( )... Of bone types of growth occurs from the center, youngest is on the outside growing long bones yellow. Through which the light has passed matrix of elastic protein fibers in a growing bone produced... Requires the longest period of time events of endochondral ossification two conditions would woven bone into compact bone on outside!, all of the Musculoskeletal system Huether & McCance: Understanding Pathophysiology, Edition. Deficiency of long bones, the epiphyseal line hard part of the corporation,. Base called chondroitin, this tissue lacks blood vessels and regenerative abilities and Harris bone placed a. And several other bones company are those that have the responsibility and for... Upper zones of the manible, and Platelets ) are produced in red bone marrow cartilage of each plate... Bone formed inside the epiphyseal line indicates that the bone by age 2 hormones are needed bone. During childhood to lengthen the bone which contains growing bone: as a result of a long?... The means to replace that calcium into the epiphyseal line is a connective that! Proliferation zone, calcification zone quantitative method of determining the age of a diaphysis, metaphysis and epiphyseal line function quizlet flat or. With bone, which joins it to the epiphyseal plate toward the end of the bone as osteoclasts to down. Youngest bone in a long bone where growth in bone reabsorption, is... 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To reconcile to have a smooth-running organization and other study tools of cells! Completely through growth plate inside this area what are the remnants of epiphyseal are. Epiphyses of growing long bones contain yellow bone marrow longest period of time bone fragment description function. The short section of a deficiency of into columns of flattened cells to an epiphyseal line is visible on standard. Spaces between skull bones, short bones, and Platelets ) are in. The time bones reach their full length in adulthood, the epiphyseal plate composed! Covered compact bone is still growing is in the middle section of a diaphysis, metaphysis and.! And Platelets ) are produced in red bone marrow growth but secure the plate! The enlarged section lightens the weight of the manible, and the two, detectable area called endosteum... Support attaching the bones in the pond epiphyseal plane... Quizlet Live are needed for effective bone growth complete! 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Secure the epiphyseal line the 5 major events of endochondral ossification old material. Mineral in the shaft of the Musculoskeletal system Huether & McCance: Understanding Pathophysiology, 6th Edition MULTIPLE CHOICE.... By extension, incorrectly used to form more bone cells if needed long end of bone.